A vast range of scientific equipment usually made of glass is referred to as laboratory glassware. Because glass can be blown, bent, cut, molded, and molded into various sizes and forms, it is utilized in chemistry, biology, and analytical laboratories. Many laboratories have training programs to teach new users how to use glassware and warn them about its risks.
Many scientists still prefer glass to plastic in the lab, even though chemists and researchers are increasingly adopting it. Several considerations influence whether glass or plastic is ideal for the job, including instrument design, material qualities, and cost. Many people, however, prefer glass for a variety of reasons.
The first glassware dates back to the Phoenicians, and it was manufactured by fusing obsidian in campfires. Other ancient civilizations, such as the Syrians, Egyptians, and Romans, knew how to make glass.
In 1915, Corning Glassworks invented borosilicate glass, which significantly aided the US war effort. Even though many laboratories resumed importing after the war, research into better glassware thrived. Glassware became more thermal shock resistant while keeping chemical inertness. Significant advancements that influenced the evolution of laboratory glassware included the invention of polytetrafluoroethylene and a drop in price to the point that, in some instances, it is more cost-effective to throw away rather than reuse laboratory glassware.
Basic Laboratory Glassware List
Let’s discuss some everyday laboratory glassware now that you’ve learned about the definition and history. Since the beginning, laboratory glassware manufacturers in India have worked tirelessly to design and sell products that satisfy the ever-increasing demands of practical training. Let’s have a look at some of the essential glassware in the lab.
Conical Flask: In 1860, German chemist Emil Erlenmeyer invented the conical flask, usually known as an Erlenmeyer flask. It’s a type of laboratory glassware with a conical body, flat bottom, and cylindrical neck. The contents may be swirled without spilling due to the flask’s sloping sides and small neck, making it handy for titrations by placing it beneath the burette and adding solvent and indicator in the Erlenmeyer flask.
Beaker: The beaker is a flat-bottomed cylindrical glass container. There’s also a little spout for easy pouring. Beakers are available in a range of sizes, ranging from milliliters to liters. A beaker differs from a flask in that its sides are straight rather than slanted. The Philips beaker, which has a slightly conical side, is an exception to this rule.
BOD bottle: The term “Biological Oxygen Demand” is used here. It’s also known as an incubation bottle, and it’s used in biological oxygen demand testing. The bottle is typically built with a specified shoulder radius to push all air out of the container when a sample solution is poured. Although the BOD bottle is available in various sizes, 60 ml-300 ml is the preferred size.
Wash Bottle: A wash bottle is a squeeze bottle with a nozzle used in the laboratory to rinse test tubes and round bottom flasks. The wash bottles’ screw-top lids are secure. When you press down on the bottle with your palm, the liquid within is pushed through the nozzle in a narrow stream. Wash bottles can be filled with various conventional laboratory solvents and reagents, depending on the work that needs to be done. These include deionized water, detergent solutions, and rinse solvents such as acetone, isopropanol, or ethanol.
Centrifuge Tube: Liquids are kept in centrifuge tubes during centrifugation, separating the sample into its components by rapidly rotating it around a fixed axis. Most centrifuge tubes have conical bottoms that collect any solid or heavy parts of the sample is centrifuged.
Volumetric Flask: This form of laboratory glassware is a flask used to hold a given volume at a specific temperature. Volumetric flasks are used for precise dilutions and the development of standard solutions. The flasks usually are pear-shaped and have a flat bottom. They are constructed of glass or plastic. The flask has a plastic snap/screw closure or a connection at the aperture to receive a PTFE or glass stopper. The neck of a volumetric flask is elongated and narrow, with an engraved ring graduation indication.
Burette: A burette is a graduated glass tube with a tap on one end used in titrations to dispense known volumes of liquid. It’s a tapered capillary tube with a stopcock at the bottom and a graded glass tube at the stopcock’s outflow. The stopcock valve controls the liquid flow from the tube to the burette tip.
Weighing Bottles: Weighing bottles are glass scientific tools that are used to weigh items precisely. The bulk of the bottles are made of fine, thin glass, but they can also be made of ceramics or polymers. When it came to laboratory glassware, that was all there was to it. You’ve traveled this far in search of the best and most reputable laboratory glassware manufacturer in India. ATICO Export is a well-known and trustworthy supplier of laboratory glassware. Go to the website right now and buy the glassware you need to set up a laboratory.